The world is not a chessboard

Dec 19, 2020Philosophy/Ethics, Tech0 comments

Many people believe AI (Artificial Intelligence research) started quite recently, like five years ago. But in fact the field has already had 70 years of fascinating history.

It all began in the nineteen-fifties when the potential power of information technology was becoming clear, at least to a small group of far-sighed thinkers including Alan Turing and Norbert Wiener

https://www.ai4eu.eu/news/ai-crossroads

In this post the dialogue is realised by an interaction of virtual characters, for more information please check the page “Virtual characters

Manuel

Hi, I’m back again! That was a pretty long and detailed article, but now I’m more confused than before … 😅😅

Today 11:32  

Sam

OK, how can I help?                                                                                

Today 11:34   

Manuel

Well, it seems like we’ve been thinking that human level intelligence or AGI would be around the corner for decades …

Today 11:34   

Sam

Sure, people have made a lot of very optimistic predictions in the past                                                       

Today 11:35  

Manuel

I saw quotes that people in the ’50s thought it could be done in less than a year!

Today 11:36  

Sam

Well, there was a famous conference in 1956 where some of the most prominent researchers in the area at the time wanted to get together to make a breakthrough …

Today 11:37

Sam

… but I don’t think they seriously thought at the time they could program an AGI from scratch

Today 11:37

Manuel

But where did all the optimism come from, if it wasn’t all hype? 

Today 11:38   

Sam

It certainly wasn’t “all hype”. There had been fabulous breakthrough just before that …

Today 11:40  

Sam

We went from the idea of a universal computing machine with Turing https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turing_machine

in the ‘30s to actual programmable universal computers in the ‘40s https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Z3_(computer)

Today 11:40  

Sam

And during the early ‘50s people had written a string of working chess and checkers programmes

Today 11:40  

Manuel

So? That doesn’t sound very radical to me … isn’t that like the hammers you told me about before?

Today 11:43   

Sam

Sure, but the breakthrough was that it turned out to be possible at all: they were the very first of their kind 🤩🤩

Today 11:45   

Manuel

OK, yes, I guess I’m too used to current technology to take a chess computer seriously as a breakthrough in AI …

Today 11:45   

Sam

 Yes, in a sense. What “AGI” wants to be, is an AI that is as intelligent as a human overall, not just for a specific task. But still not necessarily do things in the same way a human does

Today 11:46

Manuel

I get that, and you’re right, we do things differently now, but at the time that was quite radical

Today 11:46   

Sam

People were optimistic because they thought that they could generalize from chess to everything else: all thought would be like a program

Today 11:46   

Manuel

That seems like a gigantic unfounded assumption …
Today 11:46   

Sam

Yep, that ship ran into a lot of icebergs, but the assumption wasn’t entirely bogus

Today 11:47   

Manuel

How so?  😆

Today 11:48

Sam

Well, you can think of playing chess as solving a problem: how do I check the king? And an algorithm can take you there: from a set board to victory                                  

Today 11:49   

Sam

But general intelligence could just be like that: an algorithm to solve any problem

Today 11:49   

Manuel

Fair enough. So what exactly went wrong?

Today 11:50

Sam

Ha! The world is not a chessboard! There’s no fixed ruleset of legal moves that you can apply, simulate, run through, and analyze

Today 11:51   

Manuel

How did they try to tackle that then?

Today 11:52

Sam

By turning from engineering to psychology …   😎😎                       

Today 11:52   

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (2 votes, average: 4.00 out of 5)

Loading...

Related post

 

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Share This