Good Old Fashioned Artificial Neural Networks
Specification of the nervous net provides the law of necessary connection whereby one can compute from the description of any state that of the succeeding state […]
With determination of the net, the unknowable object of knowledge, the “thing in itself” ceases to be unknowable.
To psychology, however defined, specification of the net would contribute all that could be achieved in that field
McCulloch & Pitts, 1943
Julia and Sam are talking about the following article: McCulloch-Pitts Neurons
In this post the dialogue is realised by an interaction of virtual characters, for more information please check the page “Virtual characters“
Hi Sam, I wondered if I could ask you some questions about the history of AI?
Hi Julia, sure! Is this for an assignment?
No, for an article I am co-writing with John
Oh, interesting! Ask away!
We were wondering about some of the things you mentioned in your interview with Manuel
Yeah, that did remain somewhat superficial
We’re doing a more in-depth article now, so you have room to explain
That’s great! So what exactly did you want to know more about?
We were talking about Dreyfus’ critique of AI and you mentioned embedding robots in the world to make them learn
Right! I think I mentioned that at the end, when talking about AGI: artificial general intelligence
That would be human-level intelligence, right?
Indeed. Pre-programming all that didn’t work out, not even when trying algorithms inspired by human problem solving
Yes, I read about Newell and Simon, this was Dreyfus’ main target, no?
Correct, but there are other approaches as well, such as making a computer learn, instead of programming it
OK, so machine learning, using artificial neural networks?
Those networks are only very roughly similar to the structure of a human brain and not really meant as a model of how humans do it
But they would be a serious alternative for the older approach?
In a way, but we are still very far from AGI, so far we don’t even know how far …
When did this new approach really get off the ground? I’ve found texts referencing artificial neural networks back in the 19th century …
What!? That can’t possibly be right!
… Continue reading our conversations that are posted every Saturday …
Total posts on the argument
Human Intelligence: Copy / Paste (Part 2/10)
Natural Born Computers (Part 3/10)
In this house we obey the laws of thought! (Part 6/10)
Don’t know much about history, don’t know much psychology (Part 7/10)
What is AI compared to the hand that wields it?
It suddenly started drawing – in a naturalistic style. Yesterday I was watching it whizzing around, and the result really did look almost like you. That’s when I threw it away…
Anything is art if an AI says it is
Do not you understand? This is a whole new dimension, even according to the canons of the classical “art sacre”. This is a real revolution. Do you understand, ladies and gentlemen? This is the first hot plastic artwork! You! You! My boy … you are an artist!
“Young man, you don’t think I’m encountering constructive symbolism for the first time, do you? “Unplug”: free yourself from physicality, from the vulgar earthbound physicality, from the evils of civilization, from electricity, nerves, and so on. Isn’t that what this is? The association is crystal clear, I’d be tempted to say, perhaps even too obvious” (Kishon 1987)
AI see, AI do
You young badgers imagine that it would be enough to smear a pound of paint on the canvas and you’re already a modern painter. I would be willing to accept this abomination for a bad joke, if there was even the slightest humor behind it. But this here is an abracadabra! A nothing!
As far as AI can see
The case of the use of the abacus by Japanese school children and adults … tool’s use becomes incorporated into a culture-specific technology
All aboard the Spike Train!
The experimental results from neurobiology have lead to the investigation of a third generation of neural network models which …
The Network is the Message
A continued stimulus, such as a state of tension, a light or a sound, produces a continued passage of sensory impulses to the central nervous system.