To Humanity and Beyond
The case of the use of the abacus by Japanese school children and adults provides an illustration of how thoroughly the historical processes involved in the development of a tool’s use becomes incorporated into a culture-specific technology while simultaneously becoming a part of human nature ..
We Have Met Technology and It Is Us
Cole & Derry 2005
Manuel, Cho and Sam are talking about the following paper:
Enhancement, ethics and society: ..
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Manuel, Cho, Sam
Let’s get down to earth again. Prosthetics generally replace a missing limb, but cognitive tools seem to do something different, right?
Limb or organ, but OK 😊
The categories do overlap though, you can definitely see some brain implants as cognitive tools
OK, examples? 😉
Indeed, and this also improves memory in non-impaired people, so can be considered an enhancement too
Right, so cognitive tools aren’t just handheld devices, but can also be prosthetics or implants
With all the tools and technologies we have nowadays, do we live in some kind of sci-fi future? 👾
Ha! 🤔 I’m sure some would see it as a dystopia! Everything controlled by computers we no longer understand …
That actually is a serious issue. Things have gotten incredibly complex and no single person understand everything anymore
Just think of surgery: most surgeries require a large team and a lot of infrastructure, not just a dude with a saw …
People thought the millennium bug would cause the end of the world!
Both individual computers and especially computer networks have become hugely complex. Not just two guys in a garage…
Ok, so a lot more specialization and collaboration.
Sam mentioned brain prosthetics earlier: it won’t be long before we have brain prosthetics with AI
I’m quite sure that this would be considered an enhancement by most, and scary by many.
Right, it might not be literally rocket science, but it does bring together two of the most complex and advanced fields
Computers and the brain, neither of which we fully understand yet?
Well, we design the computers, but artificial neural networks are indeed hard to explain
Asking people to let an implant “do their thinking for them” requires a lot of trust
Wow, this has been great, thank you both so much for your input! 😊
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Total posts on the argument
The experimental results from neurobiology have lead to the investigation of a third generation of neural network models which …
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The mechanism of action of nerve stimulation is unknown… it is possible that substances are formed under the influence of nerve stimulation
If we liken the nervous currents to electric currents, we can compare the nervous system below the hemispheres to a direct circuit from sense-organ to muscle
If I do not greatly deceive myself, I have succeeded in realizing… the hundred years’ dream of physicists and physiologists, to wit, the identity of the nervous principle with electricity
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Mechanical analog computers had their origins in Naval Gunnery in World War I […] mechanical analog computers remained of considerable military importance certainly until well into the 1960s and have only been superseded by digital computing systems in the 1970s.
In the development of information technology there now seems to exist a new phase whereby the aim is to replicate many of these “neural” functions artificially
Despite the evolution of the nervous system, it is not accompanied by a manual explaining the principles of operation …