Best 2021 Articles

Dec 20, 2021Philosophy/Ethics, Tech0 comments


In this millennium, we are witnessing the greatest scientific and technological revolution of all times and we are confronting ourselves with an unprecedented debate about Brain Regeneration, Artificial Intelligence and Neuroprosthesesz for brain function restoration and enhancement.

We understand the brain better and better, but there still is a lot to discover ( Uploading your mind )

With Carlo Ierna, historian of philosophy at Radboud University we have been making a journey across some history at the origins of contemporary technology, recent disruptive news about brain chip implant and robots replacing humans.

The articles draw the attention of the scientific community as well as the general audience to different topics and arising questions about uploading and downloading consciousness, whether it is possible to transfer information directly from one brain to another over the internet…

…the relation between body and mind, and mind and behavior.

We have been investigating the origin of AI

A machine that could think like a person has been the guiding vision of AI research since the earliest days

Things that Think

What do we mean by “thinking”? What are the technical requirements on the machine? Does it need to process information in the same way that humans do? Massively parallel, biochemically, etc. like a human brain?

We analyzed the relation between

Robot and Humans

About the relation between body and mind, and the brain and the identity

Can we read and write brain signals wirelessly now?

Will we truly be able to read and write memories, emotions, knowledge in the brain?

And then we have been looking at the relation between

Sci-fi and Science

about the history of science fiction linked to the history of science” (Future of Days Past)

linking the history of science fiction to the history of science, exploring through the science fiction authors’ eyes how technology changes society.

Ethical and research standards have changed a lot…
We have some historical perspective, but we’d need ethics of technology…


BrainJam addresses the social, ethical, and philosophical concerns deriving from the emergence of previously unimaginable technology and its possible future application to the most mysterious organ of the human body: The Brain.

This site is intended to engage in an open dialogue between scientists, society, and policy makers to address the philosophical and ethical concerns arising from the increasing trend of the biotechnology and biomedical fields towards man-machine hybridization. It pursues a holistic approach to human well-being using an interdisciplinary combination of expert perspectives and philosophy, in order to inform the public and correct widespread misconceptions and fears about ‘cyborgs’ and human enhancement, stemming both from transhumanism and bioconservatism.

Do Neurons Count?

Neural computers do not execute typical machine instructions of digital computers unless they are made to emulate the behavior of physical neural networks

Little Big Brain

The cerebellum contains 80% of the brain’s neurons but constitutes only 10% of brain mass …
(Brain Behav Evol. 2018; 91(3): 158–169)

Captain Cyborg

Even if we cannot upload our consciousness to the cloud, what if we could send our own sensations and memories to another person? Can we really transfer information brain-to-brain over the internet? Do we need to worry that this could turn us into remotely controlled puppets? Never fear! Captain Cyborg is here to test invasive technologies so you don’t have to!

We are Bee-men

Rather than speak of a group mind, it may thus be more appropriate to consider a beehive as a special kind of singular mind, albeit one that is spatially distributed over many (insect) bodies.

Uploading your mind

We expect our first application to be computer control for people with spinal cord injury. There are many other potential future applications for the Link. These include restoring motor and sensory function and the treatment of neurological disorders

Fire All Neurons!

Mechanical analog computers had their origins in Naval Gunnery in World War I […] mechanical analog computers remained of considerable military importance certainly until well into the 1960s and have only been superseded by digital computing systems in the 1970s.


Our common-sense conception of psychological phenomena constitutes a radically false theory, a theory so fundamentally defective that both the principles and the ontology of that theory will eventually be displaced, rather than smoothly reduced, by completed neuroscience.

A Healthy Brain is a Joy Forever

Men ought to know that from the brain, and from the brain only, arise our pleasures, joys, laughter and jests, as well as our sorrows, pains, griefs and tears. [… ] And by the same organ we become mad and delirious, and fears and terrors assail us […] All these things we endure from the brain, when it is not healthy

The Mental Node

My view is that this gland is the principal seat of the soul, and the place in which all our thoughts are formed. The reason I believe this is that I cannot find any part of the brain, except this, which is not double …

Going Into a Limb

The distinction between a “tool” and a prosthesis that is implanted into the body is more apparent than real. …

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